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Cambridge, UK: Polity Press. Although it is true that the Greek word translated here as man ( anthropos ) can be used generically to mean human being or even humanity (like the Hebrew adam ). ApartRead more
The Hospitable Phaeacians in The Odyssey
them, and participates in the feasting. These elements include the bath, the feast, the question of who the guest is, the guest-gift, and the promise of transport and protection. The next morning Nausikaa and her maids go to the seashore, and after washing the clothes, they start to play a ball game 1 on the beach with laughs, giggles and shouts. This trust was reinforced by both fear of word getting out that the host had provided improper xenia, and fear of retribution by the gods, since one never knew when a traveller might actually be a god in disguise, come to test the level. Some basic Xenia rules were that the guest could not insult the host, make demands, or refuse xenia. Tell me your land, your people, your city too, so our ships can sail you home (300). It was a set of rules and customs that defined the guest-host relationship between two individuals, two groups of people, or an individual and a group. He also explains to Odysseus what sort of information the Phaiakian ships require in order to take him home to Ithaca. He tells Telemachus to Help yourselves to food, and welcome! Additionally, the connection between hospitality and recognition of identity reinforces the distinction between good and bad characters, those who observe the laws of hospitality and those who do not. . A certain level of trust would eventually have to be established.
Polyphemos in the Odyssey, The Women Portrayed in Homers The Odyssey,
Xenia, there would be severe penalties dealt by Zeus and also by society (Wikipedia). Odysseus is disguised as a stranger at his home, and thus, as has been revealed by the analysis of the guest-host relationship, must be taken in hospitably as a guest by the members of his household. Recognizing Eumaeuss hospitality, Odysseus swears that Odysseuss return is imminent, and that as a reward for his prediction when he returns, The moment he sets foot in his own house, dress me in shirt and cloak, in handsome clothes. Meanwhile, Athena disguised as Telemachus goes by night and selects the best men for the crew. In modern times, hospitality is something we rarely think of, and the first thing that comes to mind is the hotel industry, but in ancient Greece, xenia was not about hotels, or just about etiquette, it was a way of life with many benefits. The Greek belief concerning the origin of the concept of hospitality, often called Xenia, is reflected at the end of "The Odyssey." The more hospitably guests are treated, the more civilized the society becomes. Odysseus washes up on the shore of the Phaeacians island and comes into contact with Nausicaa, the daughter of King Alcinous. The significance of these values is shown quite clearly in The Odyssey of Homer. Works Cited Austin, Norman. Thus, even though Polyphemus operates within the formula for developing the guest-host relationship by offering a guest-gift, he corrupts it by making the guest-gift something intangible, something without worth.
The Powerful Women and Their Influence in the Odyssey, Mind over Matter The Odyssey, Women in The Odyssey,