Illustration I: Bill and Nancy are a childless couple. These Wills are legal in all fifty states. How can you avoid this from happening to you? Or are the Communists going to be successful? This definitelyRead more
Prohibiting such devices and their use can be one tool in preventing harassment claims from employees who feel their privacy has been invaded. In the event that the person handling the matter does not know withRead more
Establishing National Institutions
disabilities at national and international levels to consider implementation and monitoring of the Convention. 1, they are known as the Paris Principles. Focal points could be a section or a person within a ministry or cluster of ministries, an institution, such as a disability commission, or a particular ministry, such as a ministry for human rights or a ministry for persons with disabilities, or a combination. These records should be kept secure and any references to past actions should not identify the parties involved. The Commission on Human Rights and the General Assembly subsequently endorsed the guidelines.
In some countries, the Constitution provides for the establishment of a national h uman rights institution.
More often, such institutions are created by legislation.
Indeed, article 33 of the Convention requires States parties to establish specific.
Monitoring national law and practice, it is common for national institutions to have a mandate to ensure that national law conforms to human rights standards, as recommended by the Paris Principles. The database will facilitate the collection, analysis and reporting of internationally comparable information on issues concerning human rights and disability. Today there are well over 100 nhris operating around the world, 69 of which are accredited by the ICC in full compliance with the Paris Principles. National institutions might also establish codes of practice that relate to certain rights in particular situations. Whatever its designated form, the focal point should not act in isolation, but play a leading role in coordinating the implementation of the Convention. The nppd established an inter-ministerial body to coordinate matters relating to its implementation, made up of a Central Coordination Committee at the national level and State Coordination Committees at state levels. Prior to the adoption of the nppd, a Commission for Persons with Disabilities was established under the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act of 1995. A number of institutions dedicate resources to monitoring proposed legislation so that they might consider and, if necessary, comment upon compliance of the proposed law with human rights obligations. In 1978, the Commission on Human Rights organised a seminar which resulted in draft guidelines for the structure and functioning of institutions. Depending on the degree of impact that a proposed law may have on human rights, national institutions might also raise public awareness so that individuals and organizations can, if they choose, make submissions to the Government.