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Cognitive and Moral Development
consider, such as: How should I interpret new diagnostic information? Lawrence Kohlberg determined to investigate whether there was much more detail and sophistication to the natural development of moral reasoning. Where such straining fails, the logic of moral development falls into various fallacies, seeming to build moral norms into social and psychological ones by fiat, then trying to pass the attempt off as descriptive or factual. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 95, 97-188. Thus morally we need follow our ever-increasing propensities to do what we should, exerting that little extra to bolster and stretch those propensities. New York: Wiley Sons.
The Piagetian definition of moral development 's domain distinguishes fruitfully between morality, morals, ethics (as in professional codes cultural ethos, and Ethics (as "worthy living. It depicts the former as merely interested and conventional, as morally arbitrary and relative, akin to tastes and fads.
The development of social knowledge: Morality and convention. Some symbollic (language) abilities are developed at the end of this stage. The interest in morality spans many disciplines (e.g., philosophy, economics, biology, and political science ) and specializations within psychology (e.g., social, cognitive, and cultural ). This is somewhat similar to the distinctions made between.
Freudians, in turn, depicted morality as a combination of irrational forces born of biological drives, coupled with ego-defensive coping in the face of social threats and presses. Older children do not just think more quickly than younger children, he suggested. Morality develops across a lifetime and is influenced by an individual's experiences and their behavior when faced with moral issues through different periods' physical and cognitive development. By painting human nature in this ultimately elevated and dignified posture, moral development visions grounded an ultimate hope in human progress. Adolescents' reasoning about exclusion from social groups. Children at this stage tend to be egocentric and struggle to see things from the perspective of others. Recent philosophical history gave a rare nod to moral development through Rawls's (1972) A Theory of Justice. The results showed a six-stage sequence of such stages ranging from (a) a pre-conventional level in which children think egoistically or instrumentally, using each other to get what they want, through (b) a conventional level in which conformity to the institutional practices of one's peer. A very interesting program of altruism research rises directly from philosophical accounts of egoism, both psychological and ethical (Batson vol. ( In the original longitudinal study, 52 subjects from a private Chicago boy's school were interviewed every 3-4 years for 35 years (Colby and Kohlberg 1987).
Moral Development focuses on the emergence, change, and understanding of morality from infancy through adulthood.
Morality develops across a lifetime and is influenced by an individual s experiences and their behavior when faced with moral issues through different periods physical and cognitive development.
This entry analyzes moral development as a perennial philosophical view complemented by modern empirical research programs.
The two initial sections summarize what moral development is and why it is important for ethics and human nature theory.
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