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Determination of a Chemical Formula
Molecular composition can be expressed three ways: 1, in terms of the number of each type of atom per molecule or per formula unit (the formula). Add a small piece of aluminum wire to the beaker...
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The Olde Man And The Sea: Religious Similarities
Religious references are also a significant component, adding a unique point of view readers rarely experience in an ordinary novel. Ernest Hemingway, a passionate fisherman, successfully utilizes this technique in his Pulitzer Prize-winning novella, The..
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Protection for Australias Indigenous Rights

Archived from the original on Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator: "Mandatory Renewable Energy Target" February 24, 2009 Kevin Rudd's energy strategy 'flawed' says Productivity Commission "The Australian" May 23, 2008 Davidson, Kenneth (November 29, 2009).


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The Cuban Missile Crisis

"Memorandum for the President: Post Mortem on Cuba, October 29, 1962 full text "Radio and television remarks on dismantling of Soviet missile bases in Cuba, 2 November 1962". You will declare that the United States will


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People and the Environment

These experimental combinations of genes do not occur in nature. GMO varieties, many others are disappointed, finding mixed results or facing new problems in the extremely concentrated and corporate-dominated seed sector. While many farmers say they


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Spanish - American War in 1898

On July 16, the Spaniards agreed to the unconditional surrender of the 23,500 troops around the city. Maine on February. He was further miffed when the lieutenant,. The fort was so neglected that it would be


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The Beginning for French Revolution

The Swiss in their rear were observed never to stir. To those sympathetic to the goals of the Revolution and mindful of the magnitude of the counterrevolution determined to crush it, it has seemed a successful


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Robert Francis The Pitcher

Wikipedia The Atlantic Telegraph (1865) (English) (as Author) The British Expedition to the Crimea (English) (as Author) The Civil War in America Fuller's Modern Age, August 1861 (English) (as Author) Hesperothen; Notes from the West, Vol.


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The Fall of Constantinople


the Fall of Constantinople

penetrate the chain and boom across the Golden Horn. In addition, he possessed a large cannon made by the founder Orban as well as several smaller guns. Romanos, although, as he had discarded any indications of his status to avoid his body being used as a trophy, his demise is not known for certain. The Byzantine emperor at the time of the attack was Constantine XI (r. Anticipating this approach, the Byzantine engineer Johannes Grant led a vigorous countermining effort which intercepted the first Ottoman mine on May. It has even been theorized that when Constantinople fell, the unique mixture of Greek, Roman, Judaic, and Arab knowledge traveled westward into Europe, thus lending a spark to the European Renaissance. Among these were 700 professional soldiers under the command of Giovanni Giustiniani.

Fall of Constantinople - Wikipedia



the Fall of Constantinople

The Fall of Winter Palace, Downfall of Enron, Catcher in the Rye and The Fall,

By the time of the siege of Constantinople, the Turks had conquered all of Anatolia as well as a significant portion of the Balkans to the North. According to Georges Sphrantzes, the Ottoman army numbered 200,000 men, but modern historians prefer a more realistic figure of 60-80,000. Urban then peddled his expertise to the Sultan, and Mehmed showed more interest and offered him four times what he was asking. The Ottomans then built a pontoon and fixed cannons to it so that they could now attack any part of the city from the sea side, not just the land. Although the city suffered many attacks, prolonged sieges, internal rebellions, and even a period of occupation in the 13th century CE by the Fourth Crusaders, its legendary defences were the most formidable in both the ancient and medieval worlds.


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